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C. Univalvia; Uni-Valved Coiled Shells.

Genus 317. Argonauta. Vessel's Boat.

Argonauta argo, paper nautilus Gmelin (1791: sp. 1).
Argonauta argo Linnaeus, 1758: Argonautidae. Warm waters.
1 A rare entirely white paper nautilus. 8 1/4 inches. Martini (: pt. 1, pl. 17, fig. 157). Knorr (: vol. 1, pl. 2, fig. 1).
2 An exquisite large one of the above, (as usual with brown keel/carina). 9 1/2 inches.
3 One of the above, as beautiful. 6 1/2 inches.
4 One of the same. 5 1/2 inches.
5 Two small ones of the above.
6 A knotty ringed paper nautilus with broad keel/carina, (Rellsbrey Nautilus) Martini (: pl. 17, fig. 156). Knorr (: vol. 6, pl. 31, fig. 1). 7 3/4 inches.
7 One of the same eared or thorned of the above. Martini (: pl. 18, fig. 160).
8 A dirty white smoothly nobbed one of the above. (Nautilus legitimus [= proper].) Knorr (: vol. 1, pl. 2, fig. 2).
9 One of the same smaller.

Genus 318. Nautilus. Thick-shelled Nautilus.

Nautilus pompilius. Mother of pearl nautilus Gmelin (1791: sp. 1).
Nautilus pompilius Linnaeus, 1758: Nautilidae. Philippines, Palau.
10 A flamed chambered vessel's boat. (Nautilus crassus [= thick]) Martini (: vol. 1, pl. 18, fig. 164). Knorr (: vol. 1, pl. 1, fig. 1). 9 inches.
11 One to the mother of pearl denuded one of the above. 7 inches.
12 One of the same of similar size.
13 A flamed one of the above, Johnson (: pl. 10, fig. 3).
14 A small flamed one of the above, with the umbilical hole. Martini (: vol. 1, pl. 19, fig. 166).
15 Two small ones entirely of mother of pearl of the above, with the above [umbilical hole].

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Genus 319. Conus. Horns.

Conus marmoreus. Heart horns Gmelin (1791: sp. 1).
Conus marmoreus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
16 An exquisite large heart horn. 5 inches. Martini (: vol 2, pl. 62, fig. 685). Knorr (: vol. 1, pl. 15, fig. 2).
17 Two smaller ones of the same.
18 Two of the same of the same [= smaller ones].
19 Two yellow granulated ones of the above, Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 62, fig. 686). Knorr (: vol. 4, pl. 17, fig. 1).
20 Two very beautiful ones of the above (Schout by Night. [?]) Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 62, fig. 687). Knorr (: vol. 1 pl. 7, fig. 4).
21 Two of the same, equally beautiful.
22 A brown one of the above.
23 A particularly marked one of the above. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 62, fig. 688).
24 Two brown ones of the above, of which one with a rare white band. Chemnitz (: vol. 10, pl. 138, fig. 1297).
25 ! Two very beautiful golden heart horns. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 62, fig. 689). (The description is correct, the figure is indicated very imprecisely.)
Conus imperialis. Crown horns Gmelin (1791: sp. 2).
Conus imperialis Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
26 Two large crowned horns. (Emperor's crowns.) Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 62, fig. 690). Knorr (: vol. 2, pl. 11, fig. 2).
27 Two of the above of the above.
28 Two smaller ones of the same.
29 ! A particularly beautifully banded coffee brown of the above, with white blotches. Chemnitz (: vol. 10, pl. 139, fig. 1289).
30 ! Two equally rare violet ones of the above, (for which no illustration.)
Conus litteratus. Tiger horns Gmelin (1791: sp. 2).
Conus litteratus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
31 Two large letter horns. (A. B. C. Boekjes.) Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 60, fig. 666). Knorr (: vol. 5, pl. 24, fig. 5).
32 Two of the same, without yellow band.
33 Two tiger horns. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 60, fig. 668). Knorr (; vol. 1, pl. 16, fig. 3).
34 A particularly rare and large of the above, with yellow bands, 4 inches.

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35 A bastard Guinean [= west African] horn. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 60, fig. 669). Knorr (: vol. 5, pl. 24, fig. 5).
36 Two of the above.
37 Two of the same.
38 ! A in its kind very rare, by no author described horn (La Coquette) good 2 inches. The base color is milk white, with three clean broad orange bands; these as well as the three white intermediate bands, are ornamented with square and elongated dark brown beauty patches (Mouchen); the spire is broad and little elevated, the entire body is also ornamented with longitudinally descending lines or grooves. (A extremely rare exquisite specimen.)
Conus generalis. Clappercushion [?] Gmelin (1791: sp. 4).
Conus generalis Linnaeus, 1767: Conidae. Pacific.
39 Two dark brown clapper cushions, cleanly banded. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 58, figs. 645, 652). Knorr (: vol. 1, pl. 7, fig. 3).
40 Two of the same (Spelt-work cushion [?].)
41 A large one of the above, deviant.
42 Two light yellow banded ones of the above. Knorr (: vol 2, pl. 5, fig. 2).
43 Two of the same, equally beautiful. Knorr (: vol. 3, pl. 6, fig. 3).
44 A rare brown one of the above, with white blotches.
Conus virgo. Wax candles Gmelin (1791: sp. 5).
Conus virgo Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
45 A large yellow wax candle (Menonist Toor [?]) Martini (: vol 2, pl. 53, fig. 586). Knorr (: vol. 3, pl. 22, fig. 1).
46 Two of the same ones as the above.
47 An entirely white one of th above. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 53, fig. 586).
48 Two different small crowned ones, one of them granulated, the other banded, of the above. Knorr (: vol. 4, pl. 16, fig. 5).
49 A large highly orange meadow. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 59, figs. 653, 654). Knorr (: vol. 4, pl. 26, fig. 1).
50 One of the same finely banded and dotted of the one above.
51 Two smaller ones of the above.
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Conus capitaneus. Cheese horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 6).
Conus capitaneus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
52 A green cheese horn. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 59, figs. 660-662). Knorr (: vol. 1, pl. 7, fig. 6).
53 Two brown ones of the above.
54 Two ermine tails. Matini (: vol. 2, pl. 57, figs. 630, 631).
55 Two yellow ones of the above.
56 Two pale green hunting clothes. (Ermine pelts.) Chemnitz (: vol. 10, pl. 138, fig. 1280).
57 A very rare yellow one of the above, with red speckled bands.
Conus miles. Yarn horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 8).
Conus miles Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
58 Two Arracans yarn horns. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 59, figs. 663, 664). Knorr (: vol. 1, pl. 15, fig. _)
59 Two of the same.
60 A rare banded variety.
Conus ammiralis. Admiral [Gmelin] (1791: sp. 10).
Conus ammiralis Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo W. Pacific.
61 ! A selected very beautiful First Admiral with 3 bands. Martini (: vol. 2, pl. 57, figs. 634, 635). Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 141, fig. 1307). Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 3, fig. 1).
62 ! One of the same, equally beautiful.
63 ! One of the above, of the above.
64 ! ! One of the above, of the above, throughout with ornamented with anal [?] bands, (extremely rare).
65 ! A golden yellow one of the above.
66 An equally beautiful First Admiral with 4 bands. Knorr (vol. 1, pl., 8, fig. 2).
67 ! One of the above, equally beautiful.
68 ! One of the above, of the above.
69 ! An equally beautiful First Admiral with 5 bands. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 141, fig. 1308).
70 ! A same one, of the above.
71 ! An orange one of the above.
72 ! A very beautiful granulated one of the above.
73 ! An equally rare and beautiful one of the above.
74 ! ! ! Conus nobilis Gmelin (1791: sp. 113) new variety: vincoomnes, by us [= new species]. A cone with pearshaped shell, subcylindric light [should read levi: light instead of laevi: left], with two distinct banded girdles. The spire is exquisite, the [body] whorl with two weak grooves; the outer margin very complete/intact, the interior with very fine folds. The two zones consist, each of eight bands, which are composed of close yet distinct brown dots; additionally, so that the basic color of the entire shell is yellow, [they] are scattered elegantly with small white spots, mostly rhombshaped, [and with] scattered stars or snow flakes.
A noble admiral's horn, the shell is almost cylindrical smooth, banded with two prominent cross belts; the spire extends in an erect tip, and is keeled up with a broad and an other narrow furrow; the two belts consist of eight distinct cross bands each, which are composed of brown, closely adjacent and still separated dots; these cross bands are, like the yellow base color of the snail, from the upper tip to below covered with small clean, mostly rhomboid, white spots as dispersed snow flakes or stars, which give this exquisite specimen a noticeable appearance.

Conus nobilis victor Broderip, 1842 [= nomen protectum; Conus nobilis vincoomnes Lichtenstein, 1794 = nomen oblitum. See Geiger, 2003]: Conidae. E Indian Ocean.Discussion of this new species.
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75 Two smooth west Indian Admirals. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 57, fig. 640).
76 Two vice admirals. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 57, fig. 639).
77 Two granulated west Indian Admirals. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 61, fig. 679).
78 Two of the same.
79 Two of the above, of the above.
80 A large empirical crown. (Emperor's crown) of first rank 7 1/2 inches. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 53, fig. 590).
81 One of the same 5 inches.
82 An exquisitely beautiful specimen 3 1/2 inches, particularly beautiful.
Conus nobilis. Yellow hear horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 13).
Conus nobilis Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. E Indian Ocean.
83 Two clean yellow ones (golden heart horns). Martini (vol. 2, pl. 62, fig. 689).
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Conus genuanus. Guinean horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 14).
Conus genuatus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. W Africa.
84 A very beautiful Guinean horn. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 56, figs. 624, 625). Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 1, fig. 1).
85 One of the same, equally beautiful.
86 One not less beautiful butterfly wing, (Wing of a butterfly.) Martini (vol. 2, pl. 56, fig. 623). Argentville (pl. 12, fig. V).
Conus glaucus. Dam board [or checkerboard?] Gmelin (1791: sp. 15).
Conus glaucus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. W Pacific.
87 Two red dotted horns. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 61, figs. 670-674).
88 Two of the same, different kind. Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 17, fig. 4).
89 Two of the above
90 A Cyprian cat. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 138, figs. 1277, 1278).
Conus monachus. Monks horns Gmelin (1791: sp. 16).
Conus monachus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
91 Two brown monks (Ash pots.) Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 27, fig. 4).
92 One of the same.
93 A polished one of the above. Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 28, fig. 4).
94 Two small blue monks. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 55, fig. 612e).
95 ! A very beautiful Franciscan monk 3 1/2 inches. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 142, fig. 1320).
Conus minimus. Clouded horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 17).
Conus minimus Linnaeus, 1758: rejected and invalid. Hwass, 1792: nomen dubium.
96 Tro brown and blue clouded and banded horns. Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 25, fig. 5).
Conus mercator. Net horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 19).
Conus mercator Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. W. Africa, Cape Verde Islands.
97 A banded net horn (golden chain). Martini (vol. 2, pl. 56, fig. 620). Knorr (vol. 2, pl. 1, fig. 4).
98 One entirely covered with the net of the above. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 56, fig. 621).
Conus betulinus. Butterwork horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 20).
Conus betulinus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
99 A large yellow butterwork horn. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 61, fig. 675). Knorr (vol. 2, pl. 11, fig. 3).
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100 Two of the same. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 142, fig. 1321).
101 One of the above, pale in color.
Conus figulinus. Wood horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 21).
Conus figulinus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
102 Two large oak wood horns. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 59, fig. 656). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 25, fig. 2).
103 Two of the same, equally beautiful. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 59, fig. 657).
104 A box-tree wood horn. Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 11, fig. 2).
105 Two of the same.
106 ! A rare banded wood horn. Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 15, fig. 2).
Conus ebraeus. Music horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 22).
Conus ebraeus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
107 Two farmer's music horns. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 56, fig. 617) Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 6, fig. 2).
108 Two of the above, one thereof speckled red.
Conus muscarum. Fly dirt horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 23).
Conus
109 Two fly dirt horns. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 64, figs. 711, 712). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 7, fig. 5).
110 Two of the same.
111 Two granulated flea dirt horns. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 63, fig. 698a).
112 Two yellow of the above.
113 Two crowned gnat dirt horn. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 63, fig. 696).
114 ! A beautiful reddish smeared fly dirt horn. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 162, fig. 1318).
115 Two different gnat dirt of the above.
Conus varius. Lion horns Gmelin (1791: sp. 24).
Conus varius Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. E. Africa to Fiji.
116 Two clean lion horns. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 61, fig. 679). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 24, fig. 5).
117 Two of the same, different kind.
118 Two finely banded of the above.
119 One of the above.
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120 Two larger ones of the above. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 62, fig. 682). Knorr (vol. 2, pl. 1, fig. 6)
Conus achatinus. Agate horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 25).
Conus monachus Linnaeus, 1758 = achatinus Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
121 A spotted agate horn. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 52, fig. 579)
Conus leoninus. Climbing lion. Gmelin (1791: sp. 27).
Conus striatus Linnaeus, 1758 = leoninus Lightfoot, 1886: Conidae. East Africa to Polynesia.
122 Two climbing lion horns, or so-called west Admirals, rare. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 55, fig. 607). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 1, fig. 4).
123 Two of the same, different kind. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 140, fig. 1299).
124 Two of the above (flower horn) Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 140, fig. 1300).
Conus amadis, the Amadis horn. Gmelin (1791: sp. 32).
Conus amadis Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. Indian Ocean, Indonesia.
125 ! A beautiful Amadis horn. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 58, fig. 643).
126 ! An equally beautiful of the above. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 142, figs. 1322, 1323).
127 ! An even more beautiful one of the above, more banded and orange colored.
128 ! One of the above of the above.
129 ! A very exquisite one of the above, particularly highly orange colored. Knorr ( vol. 6, pl. 5, fig. 3).
Conus arachnoideus. Spiderweb horn. Gmelin (1791: sp. 35).
Conus araneosus Lightfoot, 1786 = arachnoideus Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. Andaman Sea.
130 A very beautiful large spiderweb horn. Martini (vol,. 2, pl. 61, fig. 676).
131 One of the above a little smaller.
132 A brown, coronated one of the above. Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 4, fig. 4).
133 Two crowned, black ones of the above.
Conus punctatus. Dotted horn. Gmelin (1791: sp. 40).
Conus augus Lightfoot, 1786 = punctatus Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. Indian Ocean.
134 ! A large dotted and banded horn. Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 13, fig. 6).
135 An orange colored one of the above (golden) net roll. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 52, fig. 570).
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136 A particularly beautiful, banded one of the above. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 143, fig. 1327).
Conus nussatella. Granulated cooper driller. Gmelin (1791: sp. 50).
Conus nussatella Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
137 Two granulated cooper drillers. Martini (vol.2, pl. 51, fig. 567). Knorr (vol. 2, pl. 4 fig. 7).
138 Two of the same.
Conus affinis. The orange Admiral's cooper drill Gmelin (1791: sp. 50).
Conus circumcisus Born, 1778 = affinis Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. SW Pacific.
139 ! ! The specimen has conspicuous highly saturated colors; the top whorl with alternating brown and white, the canal is flesh or rose [colored]; the spire is girdled by 36 alternating zones or bands, yet of the 18 variable [and] with brown and white interrupted streaks, 13 lines are golden and pale rose, resembling the flower of the Persian almond in color. The height extends over more than two inches.
This exquisite piece is particularly high in color, the upper whorl alternates in brown and white, the hollow furrow is flesh or rose colored, the body is coiled and consists of 36 rings or alternating cords, namely 18 with brown and white broken off sticks, 13 orange colored and 5 pale peach-blossom colored lines. The height is 2 inches. Compare with Martini (vol. 2, pl. 567, fig. 571) but more elongated.
Conus granulatus. Rose colored cooper drill Gmelin. (1791: sp. 52).
Conus granulatus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. SE Florida to West Indies.
140 Two rose colored and banded cooper drills. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 52, figs. 574, 575). Knorr (vol. _, pl. 6, fig. 5).
Conus aurisiacus. Orange colored Admiral Gmelin. (1791: sp. 56 var. a).
Conus aurisiacus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indonesia, Australia.
141 ! ! Conus with a light silver shell, the topwhorl with five golden canal bands, with variable striations in white and brown, with flesh [colored] rings. Height 2 1/2 inches. An equally beautiful orange Admiral, it differs from the previous one, that on a silver colored base 5 orange bands show, with alternating broken off brown and white sticks or cords and pale red bands, the spire is similar to the previous one. 2 1/2 inches. Compare with Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 24, fig. 1) to which it is most similar.
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142 ! ! Conus aurisiacus Gmelin (1791: sp. 56, var. b). With colors of the previous, but additionally more saturated [in color] and more beautiful. Height 1 3/4 inches. A similar to the preceding orange Admiral (but more beautiful and more lively in color) 1 3/4 inches.
143 ! Conus aurisiacus Gmelin (1791: sp. 56 var. g). Equally beautiful, however, in color a little paler. * Description. This aurisiacus differs from the cone affinis (Gmelin, 1791: sp. 50) by the light shell, and not, as in the other, with elevated rough rings. One of the same, equally beautiful, but somewhat paler in color.
* It is in order to note: that these three orange Admirals differ from No. 139; in that they are unequally smoother, and do not have such elevated rings or cords as this one, which run out [down] to the lowest tip.
144 A rare conspicuous over the entire body orange horn, with hardly noticeable white spots, compare with Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 144. A, fig. L).
145 An entirely high orange colored one of the above, with very weak traces of white spots.
Conus aurisiacus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indonesia, Australia.
Conus magnus. Spotted kitten. Gmelin (1791: sp. 57).
Conus magus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific. Typographic error in Lichtenstein.
146 A misery horn. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 58, fig. 641). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 16, fig. 5).
Conus striatus. Agate cheek. Gmelin (1791: sp. 58).
Conus striatus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
147 Two dark violet banded agate cheeks. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 64, figs. 714, 716). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 18, figs. 1-3; pl. 12, figs. 1-3; pl. 21, figs. 1-3, pl. 22, fig. 4).

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148 Two clean ones of the above.
149 Two of the above, different kind.
150 Two orange ones of the above
151 Two particularly beautifully marked ones of the above.
152 Two of the same, different kind.
Conus textile. Golden thing. Gmelin (1791: sp. 59).
Conus textile Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
153 A large gold-sheet horn. Gmelin [? should read Chemnitz?] (vol. 10, pl. 143, figs. a, b, c). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 18 figs. 6; vol. 2, pl. 2, fig. 3).
154 Two of the same, different ones, of the above.
155 Two particularly marked ones of the above, somewhat smaller.
156 Two of the above, of the above.
157 A silver-sheet horn.
158 A rare banded one of the above.
159 Two orange ones of the above.
Conus aulicus. Brunette. Gmelin (1791: sp. 60).
Conus aulicus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
160 Two large, very beautiful Brunette horns. Gmelin [? should read chemnitz?](: vol. 10, pl. 143, fig. 1328). Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 19, fig. 1).
161 Two of the same. Matini (vol. 2, pl. 53, fig. 592).
162 Two somewhat smaller ones of the above, net shaped.
163 ! The rare Mauritanian Gloria maris. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 52, figs. 593, 594).
164 ! Two rare elongated brunettes. Knorr (vol. 2, pl. 5, fig. 3).
165 ! One of the same equally beautiful.
166 ! ! An extremely rare one of the above, with vertically falling lightning rays (particularly spectacular.)
Conus spectrum. Ghost horn Gmelin (1791: sp. 62).
Conus spectrum Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. W Pacific.
167 Two (spook) ghost horns. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 52, figs. 582, 583). Knorr (vol. 2, pl. 8, fig. 4).
168 Two of the same.
169 ! Conus lemur, by us [= new species]. Wide bellied conus, shell nebulose yellowish with various brown signs. Two still unknown rare ones of the above, the base color is light yellow with dark brown alternating characters. (very noticeable.)
Conus sp. : nomen dubium. (See Geiger, 2003). Discussion of this new species.

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170 ! Conus lar, by us [= new species]. Wide bellied conus, shell dilute yellow, with nebulose brown. Very similar to the previous variety. An equally rare in color resembling one of the above, with different markings.
Conus sp. : nomen dubium. (See Geiger, 2003). Discussion of this new species.
171 ! Conus fritillaria; by us [= new species]. Wide bellied conus, white shell, banded with gold. Yet another kind, resembling to the composite floor (Italian corridor), the base is white, the cross bands are orange. (Also noticeable.)
Conus sp. : nomen dubium. (See Geiger, 2003). Discussion of this new species.
Conus bullatus. Omlet. Gmelin (1791: sp. 63).
Conus bullatus Linnaeus, 1758: Conus. Indo-Pacific.
172 Two very beautiful orange cheeks. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 142, figs. 1315, 1316). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 11, fig. 4).
173 A clean banded one of the above.
174 ! Conus bullatus; Gmelin (1791: sp. 63, var d). Yellow shell with white bands. The beauty of the bands reminds of the outmost beauty of ammirals and aurisiacs. A particularly beautiful, resembling to the best Admirals, banded orange cheeks. (particularly striking.)
Conus tulipa. The tulip. Gmelin (1791: sp. 64).
Conus tulipa Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
175 A violet and blue clouded cheek, (Tulip's Bonan). Martini (vol. 2, pl. 64, figs. 718, 719). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 20 figs. 1, 2).
176 An equally beautiful one of the above, somewhat smaller.
Conus geographus. Crown cheek. Gmelin (1791: sp. 65).
Conus geographus Linnaeus, 1758: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
177 Two extra large banded crown cheeks. 5 inches. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 64, fig. 717). Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 21, fig. 2).
178 Two of the same, equally beautiful. 4 1/2 inches.
Conus nubecula. Pancake. Gmelin (1791: sp. 66).
Conus bullatus Linnaeus, 1758 = nubecula Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. E Africa to Hawaii.
179 A so-called Pancake horn. (spotted fox.) Martini (vol. 2, pl. 56, fig. 622). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 1, fig. 4).
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Conus vexillum. The flag. Gmelin (1791: sp. 68).
Conus vexillum Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. Indo-Pacific.
180 Two large cathedral coat. (Order cross) 4 inches. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 57, fig. 629). Knorr (vol. 3, pl. _, fig. 3).
181 One of the same pale yellow of the above.
Conus thomae. St. Thomas horn. Gmelin (1791: sp. 70?).
Conus thomae Gmelin, 1791: Conidae. Indonesia.
182 ! ! A wide bellied cone, shell oblong [and] rounded, exquisite spire; top whorl with cords as well as with hanging hairs ornamented, the lower ones continuously to the aperture consist of 22 furrows lightly incised in the middle. The color of the shell and also the aperture is white. In the wide furrows alternating appear perpendicular letters horizontally & obliquely; The characters are variable, letters, numbers with Roman and German ones, diverse punctuation signs are shown. The precious attention of conchologists cimelium [?]. An extremely rare thick-shelled so far still unknown snail from East India. 3 inches. The body is elongated with a high tapered spire, it [the spire] starts [in original "hngt ... an" = hangs on, which most likely is a misprint of "fngt ... an" = starts] from the top with orange hanging threads or hairs, the body however to the lowest tip consists of 22 grooves, which themselves are separated in the middle with a fine depression. The base color and the aperture are white, on the partitioned grooves there are alternating vertical and oblique reddish streaks; various characters; distinct letters; Roman and German numbers; comma; colon; semicolon and periods. (A for the connoisseur of nature noticeable horn.)
183 A horn similar in many aspects to the previous one. Compare Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 138, figs. 1282, 1283).

Genus 320 Cypraea. Porcelain.

184 Cypraea exanthema. Blind Argus. Gmelin (1791: sp. 1). A very large blind Argus porcelain snail. 5 inches. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 145, fig. 1343).
Cypraea zebra Linnaeus, 1758 = exanthema Linnaeus: Cypraeidae. N Carolina to Yocatan, West Indies.
185 One of the same. 4 inches.

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Cypraea mappa. Map porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 2).
Cypraea mappa Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
186 Two map porcelain. (Cape Horn) Martini (vol. 1, pl. 25, figs. 245, 246).
187 One of the same of a different kind. Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 26, fig. 3).
Cypraea arabica. Arabian letter porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 3).
Cypraea arabica Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
188 Two arabian letter porcelains. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 31, fig. 328).
188 a) Two of the same.
189 The bastard harlequin. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 31, fig. 331).
190 Two denuded porcelains with violet back. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 31, fig. 329).
Cypraea argus. True Argus. Gmelin (1791: sp. 4).
Cypraea argus Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indian Ocean, SW Pacific.
191 Two particularly beautiful double Argus porcelains. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 28, fig. 285). Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 11, fig. 5).
192 Two of the same, no less beautiful.
Cypraea testudinaria. Turtle. Gmelin (1791: sp. 5).
Cypraea testudinaria Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
193 Two particularly beautiful turtle shell porcelains. Matini (vol. 1, pl. 27, figs. 271, 272). Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 27, fig. 2).
Cypraea stercoraria. High back. Gmelin (1791: sp. 6).
Cypraea stercoraria Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. W Africa, Cape Verde Islands.
194 ! Cypraea stercoraria; Gmelin (1791: sp. 6, var. b.) Underneath less flat, than the following common variety a; both lips are very thick, the outside is bordered in chestnut color; the shell is finely undulated in brown, by tigered spots hardly diluted in the area of pale red. Hight 2 1/2 inches. Length 3 inches. Length 4 1/4 inches. A new kind from the south sea of thin-shelled highback porcelain: The bottom is not as flat as the common following one; the two apertures are very elevated with dark brown framing, the back is mottled in brown and looses itself with tiger spots on a soft reddish base. High 2 1/2 inches. wide 3 inches. long 4 1/4 inches.
195 The common high back. Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 13, fig. 1).
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Cypraea carneola. Red fox. Gmelin (1791: sp. 7)
Cypraea carneola Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
196 Two banded red foxes. Martini (pl. 28, figs. 287, 288). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 7, fig. 4).
Cypraea talpa. Mole. Gmelin (1791: sp. 9)
Cypraea talpa Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
197 The banded mole. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 27, figs. 273. 274). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 27, figs. 2, 3).
Cypraea amethystea. Agate porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 10).
???
198 Two banded agate porcelains. Martini (pl. 25, fig. 248).
199 Two of the same.
200 Two of the above, more flamed. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 25, fig. 247). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 28, fig. 5).
201 A thin-shelled of the above without protruding tips. Argentville (pl. 18, fig. C).
Cypraea lurida. The mouse. Gmelin (1791: sp. 11)
Cypraea lurida Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Mediterranean, W Africa.
202 The four eyed mouse. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 30, fig. 315). Argentville (pl. 18, fig. C).
Cypraea vanelli. Grain [of wood] porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 12).
Cypraea lynx Linnaeus, 1758 = vanelli Linnaeus: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
203 Two [wood] grain porcelains. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 25, fig. 250).
Cypraea fragilis. Thin shelled Tiger porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 14).
???
204 Two thin shelled tiger porcelains. Argentville (pl. 18, fig. F).
205 Two rare, instead of banded strongly spotted of the above.
206 A very rare one of the above with bands.
Cypraea gutta. Snowed porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 15).
? Cypraea guttata Gmelin, 1791: Cypraeidae. SW Pacific, Japan.
207 Two snowed (salt grains.) porcelains. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 25, figs. 252, 253). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 20, fig. 3).
208 Two of the same.
209 Two thin shelled banded ones of the above.
Cypraea plumbea. Plumb porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 17).
???
210 A large very beautiful specimen banded on blue background, long 5, 1/2 inches, wide 3 1/4 inches, high 2 1/2 inches.
211 One of the same of the above, smaller.
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Cypraea mus. The mouse. Gmelin (1791: sp. 43).
Cypraea mus Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. N Colombia to Gulf of Venezuela.
212 The Carthageian cliff horn. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 23, figs. 223, 224). Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 13, fig. 3).
213 Two of the same
Cypraea tigris. Tiger porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 44)
Cypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
214 Two clean tiger porcelains. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 24, figs. 232, 233). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 21, fig. 5).
215 Two of the same equally beautiful (the panther).
216 Two particularly dark ones of the above, one exquisitely large.
217 A blueish tiger. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 24, fig. 235).
218 ! A very rare one of the above, on the back with a strong burn spot (Burnt Bil [?]).
Cypraea lynx. The lynx. [Gmelin (1791:] sp. 48).
Cypraea lynx Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
219 Two lynx porcelains. Martini (vol. _; pl. 23, figs. 230, 231).
220 A finely spotted of the above. Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 23, fig. 7).
221 One of the same.
Cypraea isabella. The Isabella. Gmelin (1791: sp. 49).
Cypraea isabella Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
222 Two Isabella porcelains with red eyes. Martini (vol. 1, pl. _, fig. _).
223 Two small ones of the same. Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 9, fig. 5).
Cypraea ziczac. The zigzag porcelain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 54).
Cypraea ziczac Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
224 Two zigzag porcelains. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 23, fig. 226).
225 Two of the same.
Cypraea asillus. Bluestreak. Gmelin (1791: sp. 56).
Cypraea asellus Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
226 Two Cape donkeys. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 27, figs. 280, 281). Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 25, fig. 3).
Cypraea citraria. Gold drop. Gmelin (1791: sp. 80).
???
227 Two gold drops. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 31, fig. 336).
Cypraea moneta. Chinese coin. Gmelin (1791: sp. 81).
Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
228 Four cowries (Chinese coins). Martini (vol. 1, pl. 31, figs. 337, 338). Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 24, fig. 4).
Cypraea anulus. Yellow ring. Gmelin (1791: sp. 82).
Cypraea annulus Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
229 The snake's head with yellow head. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 24, fig. 240).
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Cypraea erosa. Burnt spot. Gmelin (1791: sp. 84).
Cypraea erosea Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
230 Two burnt-spots porcelains. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 30, figs. 320, 321). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 20, fig. 4).
Cypraea stolida. The dragon head. Gmelin (1791: sp. 89).
Cypraea stolida Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-W-Pacific.
231 The dragon head. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 28, figs. 292, 293).
Cypraea helveola. Starlet porcelains. Gmelin (1791: sp. 90)
Cypraea helveola Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
232 Two starlet porcelains. Martini (vol. 1 pl. 28, figs. 226, 227).
Cypraea pediculus. The louse. Gmelin (1791: sp. 93).
Trivia pedicular (Linnaeus, 1758): Triviidae. SE United States to Brazil.
233 Two of the same.
234 Two elephant lice. Martini (vol. 1, p.. 26, figs. 309-311). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 17, fig. 6).
Cypraea nucleus. The rice [little] grain. Gmelin (1791: sp. 95).
Cypraea nucleus Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
235 A yellow granulated rice [little] grain. Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 17, fig. 7).
Cypraea staphilaea. The basement worm. Gmelin (1791: sp. 97).
Cypraea staphilaea Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
236 Two brown basement worms. Knorr (vol. 4, pl. 16, fig. 4).
Cypraea globulus. The little pearl. Gmelin (1791: sp. 99).
Cypraea globulus Linnaeus, 1758: Cypraeidae. Indo-Pacific.
237 Two yellow little pearls. (Little buttons). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 21, fig. 7).
Cypraea squalina. The cock-chaffer grub [Emmerling =?= Engerling] egg. Gmelin (1791: sp. 101).
???
238 The cock-chaffer grub egg. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 25, figs. 250, 251).
Cypraea rubiginosa. The red spot. Gmelin (1791: sp. 105).
???
239 The large red-spot. (small dragon head) Martini (vol. 1, pl. 20, fig. 305).
240 Two spotted small porcelains with blue streaks. Martini (vol. 1, p. 31, fig. 325).

Genus 321. Bulla. Bubble snails.

Bulla ovum. The egg. Gmelin (1791: sp. 1).
Ovula ovum (Linnaeus, 1758): Ovulidae. Indo-Pacific.
241 The egg with reddish-brown mouth. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 22, figs. 205, 206). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 23, fig. 1).
242 Two of the same.
243 The thin-shelled wind-egg with white aperture. (rare.)

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244 The three-banded colorful carnival egg. Martini (: Cochl. Volut. subovata &c. vol. 1, p. 295; pl. 22, figs. 207, 208). (rare.)
245 The four-banded of the above, equally beautiful.
246 A broad-banded variety of the above.
Bulla volva. True weaver's spindle. Gmelin (1791: 2).
Volva volva (Linnaeus, 1758): Ovulidae. Indo-Pacific.
247 ! A clean true weaver's spindle, the body pale yellow like the aperture, however, the tips white. 3 3/4 inches. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 23, figs. 2, 3). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 1, figs. 2, 3).
248 ! An equally beautiful weaver's spindle, body and tips yellow, the aperture whitish. 2 1/2 inches.
Bulla verrucosa. Small high back. Gmelin (1791: sp. 5).
Calpurnus verrucosus (Linnaeus, 1758): Ovulidae. Indo-Pacific.
249 Two little pearls, or the white high back ornamented with white peals. (Iamboe.) Martini (vol. 1, pl. 23, figs. 220, 221). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 26, fig. 7).
250 Two of the same, with reddish ends.
Bulla neucum. White bubbles. Gmelin (1791: sp. 7).
Atys naucum (Linnaeus, 1758): Atyidae. Indo-Pacific.
251 Two white-striated bubbles (pigeon eggs) 1 3/4 inches. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 22, figs. 220, 201).
252 Two of the same, smaller ones of the above.
253 Two of the above, of the above.
254 Two very different thick-shelled ones of the above. (rare.)
Bulla aperta. Rolled-up paper. Gmelin (1791: sp. 8).
Philine aperta (Linnaeus, 1767): Philinidae.Cosmopolitan [?].
255 ! A pale yellow Kroll [?] cakes, (cinnamon waffel.) Martini (vol. 1, vignette 13, fig. 3). Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 37, figs. 4, 5).
Bulla hydatis. The little bubble. Gmelin (1791: sp. 9).
Haminoea hudatis (Linnaeus, 1758): Atyidae. European-Mediterranean.
256 Two white, very thin, entirely transparent little bubbles.
Bulla ampulla. Lapwing eggs. Gmelin (1791: sp. 9).
Bulla ampulla Linnaeus, 1758: Bullidae. Indo-Pacific.
257 Two blue and red spotted lapwing eggs. 2 1/4 inches. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 21, figs. 188, 189). Knorr (vol. 2, pl. 8, fig. 1).
258 A smaller one of the above, with strong blue zigzags.
259 Two reddish ones of the above.
260 Two light brown ones of the above, black speckled.
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261 Two reddish ones of the above.
262 Two dark brown of the above.
263 Two different ones of the above.
Bulla lignaria. Bubble shells. Gmelin (1791: sp. 11).
Scaphander lignarius (Linnaeus, 1758): Scaphandridae. W Europe.
264 Two pale yellow bubble shells with white bands and dark brown frame. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 21, fig. 198).
265 Two of the same with even broader frames.
Bulla physis. Finely streaked bubble shell. Gmelin (1791: sp. 12).
Hydatina physis (Linnaeus, 1758): Hydatinidae. Indo-Pacific.
266 One with fine threads wound around bubble shells. Martini (vol. 1, pl. 21, figs. 196, 197).
267 Two of the same.
Bulla aplustre. Sea flag. Gmelin (1791: sp. 13).
Aplustrum amplustre (LInnaeus, 1758): Hydatinidae. Indo-Pacific.
268 A large red and white banded and with black threads subdivided sea flag. Chemnitz (vol. 10, pl. 146, fig. 1350, 1351).
269 Two somewhat smaller of the above, equally beautiful.
270 Two of the same, exquisitely beautiful in color.
271 Two white ones with threads wound around of the above.
Bulla ficus. The fig. Gmelin (1791: sp. 14).
Ficus sp.: Caenogastropoda: Ficidae.
272 Two large grooved figs, one yellow, the other white without bands. Knorr (vol. 3, pl. 23, fig. 1).
273 A brown speckled one of the above. Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 19, fig. 4).
274 Two brown banded of the above. Martini (vol. 3, pl. 66, figs. 734, 735).
275 Two yellow banded ones of the above.
Bulla rapa. The rape. Gmelin (1791: sp. 15).
Rapa rapa (Linnaeus, 1758): Caenogastropoda: Coralliophilidae. SW Pacific.
276 A white finely furrowed rape (Bulb.) Martini (vol. 3, pl. 68, fig. 747).
277 Two yellow strongly furrowed of the above. Martini (vol. 3, pl. 68, figs. 748, 749.)
278 A yellow thin shelled smooth one of the above.
Bulla terebellum. Gmelin (1791: sp. 22).
Terebellum terebellum (Linnaeus, 1758): Caenogastropoda: Strombidae. Indo-Pacific.
279 Two yellow marbled smooth drillers. (Blades of straw.) Kuypersboor [?].
280 A small one of the above.
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Bulla cypraea. Agate cheek. Gmelin (1791: sp. 23).
??? This could refer to a juvenile Cyparae, the "Bulla"-stage.
281 A thin shelled elongated lute, liver colored ground ornamented with dark brown bands. 3 3/4 inches. Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 4, figs. 5).
282 One of the same, of similar size.
283 two tigered inflated lutes.
284 A banded one of the above. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 65, figs. 726, 727). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 8, fig. 2, 3).
285 A clouded and banded one of the above.
286 A rare elongated orange colored banded one of the above.
287 Four different small ones of the above.
Bulla virginea. Prince flags. Gmelin (1791: sp. 24).
???
288 A multicolored prince's flag, the final band is red. Chemnitz (vol. 9, pl. 117, figs. 1000-1003). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 30, fig. 7).
289 Two of the same, the final band yellow.
290 Two of the above, of the above.
Bulla zebra. The zebra. Gmelin (1791: sp. 31).
???
290 a) A clean zebra. (Cape's donkey). 6 1/4 inches. Chemnitz (vol. 9, pl. 118, fig. 1014).
290 b) An even more beautiful, shiny and inflated one of the above. 5 3/4 inches.
Bulla purpurea. Purple bubbles snail. Gmelin (1791: sp. 42).
???
290 c) ! A clean polished in the aperture entirely purple bubble shell from Guinea 5 1/4 inches. Chemnitz (vol. 9, pl. 118, figs. 1017, 1018). Knorr, vol. 4, pl. 24, fig. 1).
290 d) ! One very similar to the previous one.
290 e) Two rose mouths. (Bastard midas ears.) Chemnitz (vol. 9, pl. 119, figs. 1022, 1023).
290 f) Two of the same nicely polished.

Genus 322. Voluta. Rollers.

Voluta aurius midae. Midas' ears. Gmelin (1791: sp. 1).
Ellobium aurismidae (Linnaeus, 1758): Ellobiidae. SW Pacific.
291 A large brown Midas ear. 4 inches. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 43, fig. 436. Knorr (vol. 6, pl. 25, fig. 1).

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292 An equally beautiful one of the above, of same size.
293 A flesh colored one of the above. 4 1/2 inches.
Voluta sulcata. Dotted Midas' ears. Gmelin (1791: sp. 3).
???
294 Two different dotted Midas' ears. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 43, figs. 440, 441).
295 Two of the same.
Voluta glabra. Smooth flamed Midas' ears. Gmelin (1791: sp. 8).
???
296 A violet white flamed Midas' ear. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 43, figs. 447, 448).
Voluta auris. (Midas') fills. Martini
??? This could be a validation of a name from Martini's (non binominal) work.
297 A white Midas' ear with three teeth and four strong helices. 2 inches. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 44, fig. 451).
298 One of the same with two teeth.
Voluta auris judae. Judas' ear. Gmelin (1791: sp. 10).
Ellobium aurisjudae (Linnaeus, 1758): Ellobiidae. SW Pacific.
299 Two large speckled miracle horns. (Whiches.) (Toverhoorn [?].) Knorr. (vol. 6, pl. 19, figs. 2, 3).
300 Two small ones of the above.
Voluta livida. Furrowed and burnt roller. Gmelin (1791: sp. 14).
???
301 A furrowed, brown speckled, and burnt roller with 6 teeth. (rare.)
Voluta porphyria. Turkish camp. Gmelin (1791: sp. 16).
Oliva porphyria (Linnaeus, 1758): Olividae. Gulf of California to Panama.
302 Two large Porto-Bello, (Turkish camp.) Dates [= fruit] with elevated bands. 4 inches. Martini (vol. 2, pl. 47, fig. 498). Knorr (vol. 1, pl. 15, fig. 1).
303 Two of the same, without the bands.
Voluta oliva. Dates [= fruits]. Gmelin (1791: sp. 17).
Oliva oliva (Linnaeus, 1758): Olividae. Indo-Pacific.
304 An externally black, internally white date (Black olive, the negress, Hungarian [?] widow.) Rumphius (pl. 39, fig. 2). Martini (vol. 2, pl. 45, figs. 472, 473). Knorr (vol. 5, pl. 28, fig. 6).
The lot is numbered "404", which is an obvious misprint. The translation of "Hungarian" is tentative; "ungerisch" is an unknown word, but could be a misprint of "ungarische".
305 Two of the same.
306 Two of the above.
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